Location:Home > Exhibition > Permanent Exhibition
Development of Han Dynasty —— Xuzhou Han Dynasty Cultural Relics Exhibition

      Abstract:

      A great wind came forth,

      the clouds rose on high.
      Now that my might rules all within the seas,
      I have returned to my old village.
      Where will I find brave men to guard the four corners of my land?

      ——A great wind, Liu bang

      A great wind, expresses a romantic story of Han dynasty, which shows the four-hundred-year changes and development of the two Han dynasties.

      In the second year after his accession to the throne (201 BC.), emperor Liubang granted the Chu kingdom to his younger brother, Liu jiao and take Pengcheng as its captial. During the East Han dynasty, the Chu kingdom later changed into Pengcheng kingdom and Xiapi kingdom. During the West Han and East Han dynasty, this region had achieved tremendous development in politic, economy and culture.

      Up to now, the capital of West Han Chu kindom,East Han Pengcheng kingdom and Xipi kingdom have been confirmed by archaeological excavations. Nearly 40 tombs have been discovered and excavated, and the cultural relics are magnificent and exquisite.

      A great wind came forth,

      the clouds rose on high.
      Now that my might rules all within the seas,
      I have returned to my old village.
      Where will I find brave men to guard the four corners of my land?

      ——A great wind, Liu bang

      A great wind, expresses a romantic story of Han dynasty, which shows the four-hundred-year changes and development of the two Han dynasties.

      In the second year after his accession to the throne (201 BC.), emperor Liubang granted the Chu kingdom to his younger brother, Liu jiao and take Pengcheng as its captial. During the East Han dynasty, the Chu kingdom later changed into Pengcheng kingdom and Xiapi kingdom. During the West Han and East Han dynasty, this region had achieved tremendous development in politic, economy and culture.

      Up to now, the capital of West Han Chu kindom,East Han Pengcheng kingdom and Xipi kingdom have been confirmed by archaeological excavations. Nearly 40 tombs have been discovered and excavated, and the cultural relics are magnificent and exquisite.

      Part 1 Mingguang Palace Bronze Exhibition in Dongdongshan

      In 1982, 13 inscribed bronzes were unearthed from the tomb of the queen of Chu kingdom (Dongdongshan, Xuzhou),  all of which were used by the royalty of Han dynasty and part of them are inscribed with “Mingguanggong”and “Zhaoji”.

      Mingguang palace is one of the palaces in Chang 'an city of Han dynasty. It was built in the fourth year of the reign of emperor Wu of the Han dynasty (101 BC.). Wang mang renamed it as Ding 'an in 8 AD. for around 109 years. In the inscription, Zhao ji, the owner of these bronzes, may be one of the princesses and was granted by the emperor to come to Pengcheng.


      Part2 Bathroom Ware Exhibition

      In West Han dynasty, on the basis of inheriting the ritual of bathing of Qin period, bathing day gradually became the social fashion of the royal family and aristocracy. The second room on the west side of the tomb of king Chu is a bath room. It has all kinds of utensils for bathing, boiling water and drawing water, as well as all kinds of makeup boxes, pottery stones and bath spices. Bath wares are inscribed with the name of Chu kingdom, which can be seen that the bath procedures of the royal family are complex and exquisite,and bath has already exceeded the purpose of clean body but pay more attention to beauty, health, and etiquette.

      Part3 Gold and Silver Vessels Exhibition

      The production of gold and silver in Han dynasty was highly valued and monopolized by the government. It was separated from the traditional bronze craft and became an independent handicraft industry. Craftsmen could skillfully use various techniques such as sheet metal processing, stamping, chisel processing, polishing, wire cutting, welding and inlay.

      Although the number of Han dynasty gold and silver wares unearthed in Xuzhou is not large, but the variety is complete. The seals with dignified simplicity, the money with rigorous standard, the ornaments with different shapes and the gold and silver threads connected with jade clothes all show the superb skill in that era.

      Part4 Bronze Mirror of Han Dynasty Exhibition

      Bronze mirrors first appeared in the tombs of Qijia culture in the neolithic age, which is more than 4000 years ago. The Han dynasty was the peak period in the history of ancient bronze mirrors in China, which not only in number, form and diverse artistic expression techniques, but also in social strata.
      Part5 The Characteristics of Bronze of Han Dynasty

      With the advent of the iron age and the maturation of the ceramic industry, China's splendid bronze civilization gradually declined in Han dynasty. In Han dynasty, bronze ware began to develop into daily utensils, which were more practical and had simple patterns. However, there is still a creative development in casting technology, which occupies a special position in the history of bronze in China.

      The bronze wares found in Xuzhou are mainly made in West Han dynasty, with simple and lively shapes. The bronze wares of the Shang and Zhou dynasties have changed from being heavy to being light, and there are various kinds of bronzes used in daily life.